Dr. Jasim Mohammed Abdo
Animal diseases constitute a major constraint to livestock productivity, agricultural development, human well-being and poverty alleviation in many regions of the developing world. The demand for livestock products is increasing rapidly due to a combination of population growth, rising incomes and urbanization. Although it is recognized that livestock production can be expanded significantly without incurring negative effects on the environment, sound natural resource management policies should take into account economic, scientific and technical factors as well as interactions between livestock and wildlife. Infectious diseases cause losses in livestock and their products with socio-economic consequences to a greater or lesser extent.
Events affecting the health of livestock populations at global level have highlighted the need for closer Scientific & Technological (S&T) Cooperation in the development of:
- Vaccines and diagnostics targeting the prevention of infections and often epidemic animal diseases.
- The establishment of effective disease surveillance mechanisms in animal health services firmly anchored in sound epidemiological analysis and performing information and reporting systems.
- Animal health and development policies that take into consideration the socio-economic role of livestock production and its linkages to national, regional and international trade in live animals and products.
As national and regional trade progresses, the linkage between trade and food safety of animal products becomes determinant. Similarly, trade in these products between neighbouring countries can benefit enormously from jointly developed and agreed quality assurance standards. The challenge to regional S&T cooperation is to further develop and reinforce the scientific basis upon which both the security of livestock populations and food safety can be built upon, thus insuring national and regional development goals as well as promoting regional, bioregional and international trade.
Iraq and its neighboring countries have a common public concern for food quality. They can contribute significantly towards the development of science-based organic farming practices, and through partnership-based cooperation they can make use of the considerable experience accumulated in the industrialized countries (for example the European Union member states) over the past few decades, both in terms of successes and failures. In this context, Duhok University decided to establish a research centre to address the following S&T activities:
- New vaccine and diagnostics aimed at the control or eradication of major livestock diseases.
- Research into ways and means of preventing zoonotic diseases such as tuberculosis, brucellosis etc.
- Epidemiological and economical research targeting livestock development policy options and the efficient and effective management of veterinary services, and:
- The establishment of effective disease surveillance mechanisms in animal health services, firmly anchored in sound epidemiological analysis and efficient information and reporting systems.
- Improved diagnostics for the detection and differentiation between pathogen infected livestock. Develop molecular tools for pathogen detection and differentiation and for epidemiological studies.
For more information about the Center, Click DRC
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine